Corporate Personal Property Replacement Tax Revenue and K-12 Education Funding in Illinois: Volume II

Release: June 25, 2024

The aggregate Personal Property Replacement Tax ("PPRT") revenue for all school districts has had an unprecedented surge once again in FY 2024, following the notable increase in FY 2023, outlined in Volume II of this Report, "CPPRT and K-12 Education Funding in Illinois." Between FY 2022 and FY 2024, PPRT has hit a record increase of 255 percent. While that revenue is a welcome addition to school district resources, it is projected that it will decline back to its historical levels in the FY 2025 EBF calculations. This Report takes a look at how the Personal Property Replacement Tax is a relatively odd revenue source that allocates revenue to school districts in accordance with their respective collections of Personal Property Tax revenue in either 1976 or 1977 and how this revenue source has impacted Adequacy Gaps and therefore New Tier Funding across the state.

Fully Funding the Evidence-Based Formula: FY 2025 Proposed General Fund Budget

Release: May 14, 2024

Volume IX of the Fully Funding the EBF series continues CTBA’s modeling of fully funding the EBF to 90% of Adequacy. Volume IX uses the proposed Fiscal Year 2025 General Fund Budget appropriations for the Evidence-Based Funding formula, but uses a projected shortfall based on the ISBE EBF calculated shortfall for FY 2024 (released in August of 2023). The new release maintains the four scenarios, including the full funding model based on an increase of $500 million annually using Scenario 2: Funding the EBF on a Fully Inflation-Adjusted Basis, By Making a Nominal Minimum Target Level Increase Annually.

Understanding and Addressing Chicago’s Pension Funding Crisis

Release: May 2, 2024

CTBA's new report, "Understanding and Addressing Chicago's Pension Funding Crisis" details the true causes of Chicago’s pension funding problems, how state law made matters worse, recent attempts to address Chicago’s pension funding crisis, and presents CTBA’s proposal for responsibly re-amortizing the pension debt to generate roughly $11 billion in savings.

State Disinvestment in Higher Education: Student Debt Issue

Release: February 29, 2024

State funding for Illinois colleges and universities in FY 2024 was still some 39% lower than it was in FY 2000 when adjusting for inflation and this long-term disinvestment in higher education over the last 20 years has had significant consequences. It has forced public universities to increase their tuition and fees, causing the average cost of in-state tuition at Illinois’ public universities to increase 121 percent, substantially higher than the national average in this time period, making college in Illinois considerably less affordable. It has forced virtually all Illinois students to incur student loans in order to pay for college, especially Black and Latinx students, perpetuating an educational attainment gap. This report touches on the widespread issue of student debt and why Illinois needs to prioritize investing adequately in its public higher education system.

Educating Illinois: Volume II

Release: February 29, 2024

After seven years of implementation, including six that included New Tier Funding, or new year-over-year funding, Illinois' funding formula for K-12 Education—the Evidence Based Funding for Student Success Act, or EBF—has worked towards its promise of closing the drastic funding gaps between school in property-rich and property-poor districts,  as well as between schools in predominantly white communities and schools that serve predominantly Black and Latinx students, putting the funding responsibility on the state to ensure equity for districts with less local resources. The EBF accomplishes this by distributing new K-12 funding to those districts that are furthest away from having adequate resources, and furthest away from hitting their respective "Adequacy Targets" --which is the amount the research indicates is required to provide the level of education the students they serve need to succeed academically.

The EBF replaced a formula that was based on a one-size fits all "Foundation Level" of per-pupil funding that was both inadequate in amount and inequitable in distribution. In fact, Illinois' disinvestment had been so inadequate that local property tax revenue became the primary method from which education was funded. Now, seven years later, the EBF has drastically changed public education funding allocation and has worked to close Adequacy Funding Gaps for students across all regions of the state and from all demographics by continuing to increase the state level investment each year.