Analysis of Pharmacy Benefit Managers' Impact on Medicaid Drug Pricing
Release: December 21, 2022
An Analysis of Pharmacy Benefit Managers' Impact on Medicaid Drug Pricing provides some insights into the question of how decision makers can best incorporate Pharmacy Benefit Managers ("PBMs") into the management of Medicaid and CHIP. The report summarizes how PBMs work in practice at the state level to contain retail prescription drug costs in Medicaid programs, and to the extent relevant, how the “Managed Care Organizations (“MCOs”) contract with various state governments to administer Medicaid and CHIP benefits and services. Additionally, the report provides a brief explanation of how the retail prices for prescription drugs are determined at the state level for Medicaid programs in the Managed Care/PBM setting —and how that differs from the traditional Fee-for-Services or FFS setting.
The report also provides a national snapshot of the PBM's impact on drug pricing nationally, and then delves into the impact of PBMs on prescription drug costs in Medicaid and CHIP programs for five states: Illinois, West Virginia, Louisiana, Missouri, and Florida. West Virginia and Missouri are examples of states that use a pharmacy benefit “carve out,” which means some or all Medicaid prescription drug benefits are not included in the state’s respective managed care contracts. Illinois, Florida, and Louisiana were selected as states that rely on a pharmacy benefit “carve in,” which means Medicaid prescription drug benefits are for the most part included in the applicable managed care contracts.
The Case for Fundamental Tax Reform in Illinois: Why We Need a Graduated State Income Tax
Release: May 23, 2012
Presentation on why Illinois needs tax reform, and the case for a graduated income tax.
Medicaid's Financing Structure Benefits Illinois by Pulling Federal Funds into the State's Economy
Release: March 31, 2010
A Fact Sheet on the impact Medicaid has on Illinois' economy.
Medicaid Plays a Critical Role in Illinois’ Economy
Release: December 8, 2009
Medicaid spending is often misunderstood and misrepresented because of the complexities of its financing structure.This Report is intended to: (1) clarify how Illinois’ Medicaid program is funded, (2) highlight the benefits to the state of Medicaid’s financing structure, (3) identify the percentage of state, own-source general fund spending dedicated to the program and (4) demonstrate the economic impact Medicaid spending (or cuts) has on the state and local economy.
Cook County's Revenue System is Structurally Unable to Support the Public Services it Provides
Release: September 24, 2007
This Report analyzes the basic public services Cook County provides and the revenue sources that fund them. The Report also examines the Cook County fiscal system to determine whether it has the ability to fund and sustain the level of public services it currently provides.